Working culture in India.
India amassing people from all strata of the economy, religion, faith and workforce is a country where a gradual change in work culture can be seen. People here are bound by their family values and even in their choice of careers and its perusal, they cannot neglect the same. Geographically, the country has most of the natural features that one knows: be it plains, delta, mountains, valleys etc. The choice of work and the employment also depends on them. One can be seen doing terrace farming or sitting in an air-conditioned office doing managerial work.
The people here can be hardworking or leisurely, modern or fanatic, orthodox or somewhere in between. All these variations can be linked to the ancient family traditions and their being followed. Few follow their head and few their heart, so unlike the west where the work culture is independent of the family relations, India very much is not free.
Her people do consider their family when accepting the proposals although the genX is emulating the west gradually.
The people of India have a definite expectation from their work and they have a definite way of following it. Here one has to work 6 days a week unlike most of the foreign nations where weekends are off.
Here the timings are another factor that varies according to the jobs, their nature and requirements.
One utmost important fact is the role of the bureaucrats and politicians (Govt.).A good example can be seen in the recent withdrawal of TATA motors from the West Bengal. The company had moved there to contribute to the progress of the state and provide employment to the locals but the clash and bad politics did not let it thrive. So any outsider if coming to India for work or investment will rethink of the repercussions.
To work in the country one has to be acclimatized to the behavioral and cultural variations of the country.
Another issue in the country is the holidays in an annum, which cannot be ignored as cutting down upon them will be a lethal blow to the very roots of the diversity of the country. This factor although can make few negligent but it certainly strengthens the bond of the family and that in turn of the whole nation.
In India the people can be earning meagerly from their handicrafts, or be earning enviously through a software course but the country has a place and heart for both.
One saddening effect is the corruption that eats up the system like termites eat a wood block and in hindsight one feels that this either vents from the poverty or from the unhealthy competition to imitate the fortunate ones.
But another a rather shameful and important issue is the safety of women and their struggles in coping up with them. Here working women like in the profession of medicine etc.that seek duties at odd hours have definitely a cause to panic!
So India a country of diversity also can boast of diversities in the work culture and its related issues.
Working Women in India
The status of Indian women has undergone considerable change. Though Indian women are far more independent and aware of their legal rights, such as right to work, equal treatment, property and maintenance, a majority of women remain unaware of these rights. There are other factors that affect their quality of life such as age of marriage, extent of literacy, role in the family and so on. In many families, women do not have a voice in anything while in several families; the women may have a dominating role. The result is that the empowerment of women in India is highly unbalanced and with huge gaps. Those who are economically independent and literate live the kind of life that other women tend to envy about. This disparity is also a cause for worry because balanced development is not taking place.
Discrimination at Workplace
However, Indian women still face blatant discrimination at their workplaces. A major problem faced by the working women is sexual harassment at the work place. Further, women employees working in night shift are more vulnerable to such incidents. Nurses, for example, face this problem nearly every day. There is nothing that is done in hospitals to tackle and address the danger they face. Such blatant disregard of current Indian laws is one reason why sexual harassment at the workplace continues to increase.
Also, Indian women are often deprived of promotions and growth opportunities at work places but this doesn’t apply to all working women. A majority of working women continue to be denied their right to equal pay, under the Equal Remuneration Act, 1976 and are underpaid in comparison to their male colleagues. This is usually the case in factories and labor-oriented industries.
Safety of Working Women While Traveling
Typically, the orthodox mindset in the Indian society makes it difficult for a working woman to balance her domestic environment with the professional life. In some families, it may not be acceptable to work after six o’clock. Those families that do accept these working hours may experience considerable anxiety every day about a woman’s safety while traveling. So many issues affect a working woman because she is closely protected or watched by her family and the society.
According to survey conducted by ASSOCHAM, on 1000 women professionals, around 80 per cent of the households expect their daughters-in-law to prioritize household requirements over the official work. Further, many of them are physically and psychologically abused, by their in-laws and husband but they do not complain or let others know about it, particularly if they have children.
Most factories are aware of the problems being faced by working women and have taken measures like In-house Hostel Facilities, Protected working environment, Allowing Maternity Leaves, etc., to ensure they have a good atmosphere to work and earn.